Origin: bury st edmunds mint. Obverse: crowned facing bust of edward +edwr angl dns hyb.
Reverse: long cross with three pellets in each quarter, robe rtde hade leie. Size and weight: 18.5mm, 1.05g. Features and provenance: this coin is remarkable as it has the name of the moneyer robert de hadelie solely on the reverse and not the usual mint location.
The reason for this is unknown. Edward i, also known as edward'longshanks' due to his tall stature, was king of england from 1272 to 1307. During his reign there was constant unrest with the chieftains of wales, as a result, edward built many castles in wales as strongholds. Such wonderful castles as harlech, rhuddlan, conwy and caernarvon were constructed or rebuilt. His first wife, eleanor of castile seemingly gave birth in nearly all of them, having sixteen children in all; sadly, only seven survived to adulthood.
Edward also became known as the'hammer of the scots' for having put pay to armies at carlisle, berwick and dunbar. He brought an end to the aspirations of william wallace when he was betrayed by his own people.
This reign also saw the first appearance of the halfpenny, previously it had been merely a penny cut in half, which was not particularly secure, leading to'clipping', the practice of cutting off small pieces of silver and hoarding the clippings. This item is made of silver.