Prior to 1969, crystal glass was generally around 36% lead. However, due to concerns over lead leaching, the percentage of lead was reduced to the unofficial standard of 24%. Today, glass with a lead content of 10% or more is considered to be fine glass. In the early 1930's, mikasa was established as an international trading company based in secaucus, new jersey.The company, while wholly american, looked to japan for inspiration. Named in honor of prince mikasa, the youngest brother of emperor hirohito, mikasa soon established itself as one of the most recognized japanese brand names in the west. Mikasa, a division of lifetime brands, inc.
Is proud to be recognized worldwide as the leader in tabletop fashion in dinnerware, crystal stemware, barware, flatware and decorative accessories. Quality and great design have been synonymous with the mikasa brand name for over a half-century.George aratani founded mikasa as american commercial inc. In the state of california in 1948. Initially a dinnerware importer, mikasa grew into a dinnerware wholesaler over the next twenty years, supplying dinnerware to bloomingdales, macy's, may department stores company and other fine retailers. In 1957, the brand name mikasa was introduced to the american public. During the 1970s, mikasa diversified its product lines, augmenting its already successful dinnerware lines with the introduction of crystal stemware, stainless flatware, crystal gifts and picture frames, ceramic vases, table linens and decorative accessories.
Lifetime brands' corporate headquarters are located in garden city, new york, and its distribution centers are located in robbinsville, new jersey and rialto, california. Mikasa is the result of the typical american success story and has plans to continue the growth of its retail division throughout the united states in the years to come. Mikasa's crystal is among the finest available. Master craftsmen design the shapes unique to our brand.Innovation and high-tech automation affords great quality at reasonable prices. Mikasa has long been associated with some of the world's finest crystal factories. Crystal can most easily be described as extremely fine quality glass. All glass is made from a variety of natural raw materials, which include silica or sand, soda (sodium carbonate), potash (plant ash) and lime. Some glass contains lead; this is usually called full lead crystal or lead crystal. The degree to which a piece of glass contains these ingredients, especially lead, determines its quality and price. These ingredients also determine the opportunities for design. There are four basic ways to produce crystal glassware. These methods range from the centuries-old process of hand blowing, passed down from generation to generation, to high tech innovations that are continually being updated.
Hand blowing is the oldest method used to make glass and is still considered the finest, but it is also the most expensive. Raw materials are mixed in a furnace at temperatures ranging from 1000f to more than 2000f. This process forms a batch of liquid or molten glass. The molten glass is gathered on a hollow iron pipe by inserting the pipe into a furnace opening. The amount of glass gathered depends on the article being made.The gather of glass is turned and spun and shaken to the approximate dimensions and form of the piece to be made. The worker then blows into the mouthpiece until the molten glass is shaped into the specific piece. While the bubble is still attached to the blowpipe, it is placed in a lined mold to shape it.
The glass maker continues to blow while spinning the mold. The mold is then opened and the shaped object removed. If a piece of stemware is being made, three workers gather glass for each part: bowl, stem and foot.To cool the glassware, the finished piece is placed on a conveyor belt and taken through a lehr or oven that hardens it by cooling it gradually. This is a slow process so that the glass will harden without cracking. Trimming the excess glass with cutting tools and a jet stream of fire finishes the glassware. The piece is then placed in a grinder to smooth the edges and each piece is washed and may be glazed. The rim is melted again to ensure smoothness.
Another process for making glass calls for the molten glass to be poured into a mold. The molten glass is pushed into the mold by means of hand levers that bring air pressure into the mold to fill it with the molten glass. The shaped piece is then placed in a furnace, where it is tempered by fire. When the proper shape has been achieved, the piece is placed in a lehr for cooling and hardening.
Machine blowing / machine pressing. Technology has made it possible to recreate the blowing and rotating steps by machine.The machine blown process produces large quantities of crystal at more affordable prices. Machine pressing is another method using a plunger that forces the glass into the mold. Whether blown or pressed, machine manufactured glass undergoes the same steps as the handmade product.
The difference is that the process is performed by machine rather than by a craftsman. Care of crystal glass from the waterford website. Crystal and glass should be hand washed separately in warm soapy water, rinsed thoroughly and dried with a lint free cloth. When washing and drying do not twist the bowl in opposite direction to stem as this can cause damage.Dishwasher heat, friction and detergent can dull or scratch the surface. Extreme temperatures can crack or break your crystal/glass. Avoid pouring hot liquids into cold crystal/glass, or very cold liquids into warm crystal /glass. Do not use product in a microwave or conventional oven. The finely made rims are the most fragile part of your product.
Do not turn upside down while drying or storing. But we can work around that. Perceived variations in color are due to lighting. To receive notice of this shop's new listings as they appear, click on the heart in the favorite shop box for teafortexas.You'll also receive notice of sales. You will need to send me a message with an alternate address in order to receive it. This item is made of glass.